Postnatal care is considered one of the most important maternal health care services for the prevention of impairment and disability resulting from childbirth. Postnatal care includes the systematic examination of the mother and baby and appropriate advice to the mother throughout the postnatal period.
The postnatal period is defined as the first six weeks after birth, which is essential to the health and survival of a mother and her newborn. The World Health Organization (WHO) describes postpartum care as the most important phase and the most ignored of the lives of babies and mothers as most deaths occur throughout the postnatal period.
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Maternal mortality is a tragedy for individual women, the family, and their community. Worldwide nearly 600,000 mothers between the ages of 15-49 die each year due to complications from pregnancy and childbirth.
Postnatal care is particularly critical for the mother and newborn. It is time to provide interventions to improve the health and survival of mothers and newborns. After delivery, women begin to undergo physiological and psychological changes in her body.
These variations usually occur without struggle. However, factors such as trauma during delivery, blood loss, fatigue or infection can put mother after giving birth at risk. Mother and newborn are vulnerable during the postnatal period especially during the first 24 hours after delivery.